In an article published in Express Tribune, Mehreen Ovais writes, “Western women’s liberation movement also influenced Pakistani men.” She writes, “Rangeela was the first Pakistani to publicly express his concerns regarding the treatment of women in Pakistan and support the liberation movement of the 1970s. He did so via a film called Aurat Raaj, which he directed, produced and even acted in. Released in 1979, the film depicted the story of a housewife who stands up against her chauvinist husband and goes on to form a political party for women across the country, eventually becoming the national leader.”
The third wave of feminism started in 1990s. Its focus was to globalise the feminist movement and help every woman around the world, regardless of race, colour, class, and ethnicity. The Transnational Feminist Networks were established around the world to achieve the objectives. In the second wave, Pakistan’s government worked on country’s Women in Development profile to reduce gaps between socially defined roles and responsibilities of women and men. But realising the need of the time during the third wave the focus shifted to gender mainstreaming as a part of Gender and Development. Government of Pakistan aimed at promoting gender equality by involving women in all spheres of life.
In the new century, Pakistani women have enabled themselves in gaining higher participation in socio-political and economic fields. They have secured their quota in local government departments, bureaucracy, media houses and parliament.